National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence and Security Review 2015

March 2, 2016

A Secure and Prosperous United Kingdom.

In his Foreword to the Review, the Prime Minister reiterated the need for national security and presented a compelling case for our Naval capabilities: “As a trading nation with the world’s fifth biggest economy, we depend on stability and order in the world.  With over 5 million British nationals living overseas and our prosperity depending on trade around the world, engagement is not an optional extra, it is fundamental to the success of our nation.  We need the sea lanes to stay open and the arteries of global commerce to remain free flowing”

Key Points for UK Naval

The Royal Navy delivers our nuclear deterrent, projects our maritime power and provides world-class amphibious forces. As part of Joint Force 2025, we will have:

  • Two new Queen Elizabeth Class aircraft carriers, the largest warships ever built for the Royal Navy. These will enter service from 2018, transforming the Royal Navy’s ability to project our influence overseas. They will form the core of our maritime task group, with one available at all times. We will increase the number of F35 Lightning aircraft we are buying in the early 2020s to ensure that we make best use of this world-leading capability, and we will buy three new logistic ships to support the fleet, in addition to the four tankers that will enter service from 2016.
  • Type 45 destroyers, Type 23 frigates, Astute Class submarines and Mine Countermeasure Vessels. We will maintain one of the most capable anti-submarine fleets in the world with the introduction of eight advanced Type 26 Global Combat Ships, which will start to replace our current Type 23 frigates in their anti-submarine role. We will maintain our fleet of 19 frigates and destroyers. We will also launch a concept study and then design and build a new class of lighter, flexible general purpose frigates so that by the 2030s we can further increase the total number of frigates and destroyers. These general purpose frigates are also likely to offer increased export potential. We will buy two further new Offshore Patrol Vessels, increasing the Royal Navy’s ability to defend UK interests at home and abroad.
  • Royal Marines of 3 Commando Brigade who are trained and equipped to provide specialist amphibious and Arctic warfare capabilities. We will enhance a Queen Elizabeth Class aircraft carrier to support this amphibious capability.


6.43    We will work with the UK’s universities, start-up companies and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), making creative thinking, science and technology central to our national security thinking. We will improve our technology scouting for new threats and opportunities, drawing in ideas and solutions pioneered in fields beyond defence and security. We will create a new, cross-government Emerging Technology and Innovation Analysis Cell, with close links to the private sector and academia to ensure that we identify these opportunities.

6.44 We will dedicate 1.2% of our defence budget to science and technology over this Parliament and, as part of the new £165 million Defence and Cyber Innovation Fund, increase funding to support the procurement of innovative solutions to the challenges facing the Armed Forces.

6.45    The Government will review which technologies we need to develop ourselves, and which we should obtain commercially and through partnership and joint investment with allies, academia and industry. We will maximise the scope for commercialisation of technologiesdeveloped for government national security purposes, encouraging economic growth and competitiveness, and explain the problems we need to solve rather than specifying in detail what the answers must look like. We will establish a defence and security accelerator for government to help the private sector, allies and academia turn ideas into innovative equipment and services faster for national security users. It will allow us to identify the best routes to develop specialist, sovereign capabilities, and those products with broader commercial and export potential. This will work closely with the Defence and the Security and Resilience Growth Partnerships.

Defence Industrial Policies

6.50    We are one of the largest customers of defence and security products and services in the world. We will always strive to get the best value for money for the taxpayer and we will do so in a way that strengthens our economy and bolsters the long-term prosperity of people across the country. The Government remains committed to the principles set out in the 2012 White Paper National Security Through Technology. We will refresh our defence industrial policy and take further action to help the UK’s defence and security industries to grow and compete successfully. We will drive greater innovation into our defence procurement, and ensure that future investment decisions contribute to a more dynamic and productive economy.

6.55 We will publish a new national shipbuilding strategy in 2016, which will lay the foundations for a modern and efficient sector capable of meeting the country’s future defence and security needs. The acquisition of the Type 26 Global Combat Ship will be crucial to the future of the UK’s warship-building industry and form a central part of the strategy. We intend to start the manufacturing phase for the first ships once we have further matured the design. We will compete elements of the manufacturing work so that the programme delivers on time and to cost. As part of this plan, we will build a further two Offshore Patrol Vessels, providing continuity of shipbuilding work and additional capability for the Royal Navy in the short term. We will maintain our fleet of 19 frigates and destroyers. We will launch a concept study and then design and build a new class of lighter, flexible, exportable general purpose frigate to complement the Type 26 so that by the 2030s we can further increase the total number of frigates and destroyers.

6.62 ………We will further enhance our support to the defence and security export sector.

Investing in skills and people

6.63 Our national security relies on the commitment and skills of people across the public and private sectors. We will continue to work with universities and the private sector so that we can recruit and retain national security experts with the right skills. In many areas, such as nuclear and cyber, we need specialists with high levels of technical expertise.

6 prozac antidepressant.64 We start from a strong position, with a world-leading higher education system and strong and growing apprenticeship schemes. We encourage young people to study engineering and science as well as to develop leadership skills, including through the 3,300 Armed Forces cadet units across the UK which give over 130,000 young people the opportunity to develop personal skills and gain vocational qualifications. We will spend £50 million to increase the number of cadet units in schools, bringing the total across the UK to 500 by 2020.

6.65 The national security community is a leading provider of apprenticeships – the MOD and the Armed Forces are the largest providers of apprenticeships in the country. We continue to work closely with the private sector to invest in well-funded, high-quality apprenticeships that will supply them with the skilled workforce they require, including through the proposed new apprenticeship levy. We will train at least 50,000 apprentices in defence between now and 2020. We have worked with industry to create a new defence apprenticeship Trailblazer which, from 2016, will deliver a new systems engineering Masters apprenticeship programme, attracting new engineers into advanced systems engineering as well as up-skilling existing engineers.

SDSR 2015